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03 Oct 2013

The history of Tenerife

The history of Tenerife

The island of Tenerife, known for its beaches and good weather, hosts an interesting history, which today still remains scattered around the island. It is possible to relive historic moments, which happened before and after the Spanish conquest.

There are several areas of archaeological interest, which take us to the time before the conquest, when the island of Tenerife was inhabited by the guanches. One of the best-known is the “Macizo de Anaga”, where Mummies and the "stone of Anaga" were found. There are also several caves scattered throughout the island.

Many castles that were built to defend the island from different attacks suffered over the centuries can be found throughout the island. The most important are: San Cristobal, Santa Cruz, San Felipe in Puerto de la Cruz or San Miguel in Garachico.

One of the main attacks suffered in Tenerife was from the British in 1797, under the command of Horatio Nelson. The capital Santa Cruz de Tenerife was attacked on the 25th of July, where Nelson was wounded with a bullet of the Canyon called "El Tigre" which is exposed in the Castillo de San Cristobal currently. In addition, every year, on the 25th of July, in the streets of the capital a representation of this fight takes place.

Another place of historic interest are the pyramids of Güímar, which are located in Güímar. There are several theories about the origin and age of the pyramids. For more information, click here.

To learn more about the history of the island there are several museums that you can visit, such as the “Museo de la naturaleza y el hombre” in the heart of Santa Cruz and the Museum of history and anthropology, based in La Laguna and Santa Cruz, including Castillo de San Cristobal.

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